A Framework for Studying Programming Teaching in Secondary Education

Ali Kürşat Erümit, Ali İhsan Benzer, Güven Şahin


This study reviews extensively the literature on teaching programming to middle schoolers, with qualitative content analysis method, and basically intends to put forth a research design framework for researchers that will guide them in the processes of planning and designing their research on teaching programming for middle school learners. For access to the relevant literature; the databases were searched by using key words “computer”, “programming”, and “middle school” together limiting the findings to the articles published after 2000. As a result, an upward tendency was noted in studies about teaching of programming at secondary level considering years, most of which are comprised of empirical ones. Also, the existing studies were mostly carried out with 6th graders predominantly employing data collection tools of questionnaires/scales and achievement tests. As for programming tools, Scratch was seen to be the most commonly used one. Although there are quite a few articles investigating the context of the programming teaching lesson, some of the studies were found to use programming as a means of teaching mathematics, natural sciences, languages, writing skills, and social sciences. In conclusion, the present study is expected to pave the way for future research by highlighting the overall situation of programming teaching.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15516/cje.v22i2.3560


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