Croatian Journal of Education - Hrvatski časopis za odgoj i obrazovanje, Vol 19 (2017)

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Video demonstration as way of teaching in education

Ivan Vrbik, Andrea Vrbik

Abstract


The advancement of technology and its easy access contributed to the everyday use of different technical aids in all aspects of human society as an essential asset for work. In the area of education, especially within physical exercising, for information transfer and familiarizing with the new task at hand, the most common way of introducing a new task is live demonstration.  A video demonstration is especially interesting as a mean of transferring information. Model learning cannot be considered as a simple imitation within specific area of motor behavior, hence it is a process in which a subject observes the model behavior and adjusts it to his/her's performance as a result of an interaction (Horn i Williams, 2004). It is an effective method used for learning simple and complex motor tasks, and observational practice if used with physical performance of the task significantly contributes to the learning of observed skills (Wulf, Shea i Lewthwaite, 2010). An expert video demonstration or direct demonstration is the most common way of giving instructions while learning motor tasks (Doussoulin i Rehbein, 2011). The use and practical application of expert video demonstration was confirmed in other areas as well. Research of video demonstration effectiveness in learning different skills as well as comparison with other ways of learning were conducted in medical students, nurses, in learning social skills in children with development difficulties, students with emotional problems in behavior, in children aged 12 to 18. The main goal of this paper was a review of literature considering video demonstration as a means of information feedback for facilitated learning of certain motor tasks in particular field of kinesiology.


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