Croatian Journal of Education - Hrvatski časopis za odgoj i obrazovanje, Vol 20, No 3 (2018)

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Identification of Artistically Gifted Children in Visual Arts Teaching/Identifikacija likovno nadarene djece u nastavi likovne kulture

Marija Brajčić, Dubravka Kuščević, Marta Pupić Bakrač

Abstract


Abstract

The aim of this research was to evaluate how teachers recognize younger pupils who are artistically gifted (in visual arts). The participants were 150 elementary school teachers (1st to 4th grade) from the Split-Dalmatia County and the Dubrovnik-Neretva County in Croatia. Their task was to answer the questions in the two-part questionnaire in a truthful manner.

The results showed that the participants were much familiar with the characteristics by which they could recognize gifted children. There were also confirmed the statistically significant differences in identifying younger gifted pupils, regarding the teachers' work experience and level of education. The more educated and less experienced teachers were less successful in identifying gifted pupils than their more experienced, but less educated colleagues. No significant influence of the rural or urban background was noticed. We concluded that experience was a relevant factor in identifying gifted pupils.

Key words: artistically gifted child; pupil; teacher; visual arts teaching.


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Sažetak

  Cilj ovog rada bio je istražiti koliko učitelji prepoznaju likovno nadarene učenike mlađe školske dobi. U istraživanju je sudjelovalo 150 učitelja razredne nastave iz Splitsko-dalmatinske i Dubrovačko-neretvanske županije u Hrvatskoj. Zadatak učiteljica bio je iskreno odgovoriti na anketna pitanja vezana uz karakteristike likovno nadarenog djeteta.

 Rezultati su pokazali kako su učitelji upoznati s karakteristikama likovno nadarene djece. Također, utvrdili smo da postoji statistički značajna razlika u identificiranju likovno nadarenih učenika mlađe školske dobi s obzirom na trajanje radnog staža. Naime, mlađe sudionice s manje radnog iskustva slabije identificiraju likovno nadarene učenike od starijih učiteljica s više iskustva i manje obrazovanja. Nije uočen značajan utjecaj mjesta stanovanja u identificiranju likovno nadarenih učenika mlađe školske dobi. Zaključili smo da je iskustvo bitan faktor u identifikaciji likovno nadarenih učenika.

Ključne riječi: likovno nadareno dijete; nastava likovne kulture; učitelj; učenik



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