The Implementation of Illustrative Techniques in Teaching Children and Young People About Emotions

Zvonimir Parać, Katarina Kružičević, Gabrijela Ratkajec Gašević, Mirela Grbić, Željko Ključević




The comic book art technique is rarely analysed as an illustrative and projective technique within the field of mental health and prevention of behavioural problems of children and young people. That is why the aim of this study is directed towards analysing the potentials of comic book art as a projective technique. The evaluation results of the „Mostly Sunny“ project were used, and qualitative research methods were applied. The data were obtained through focus groups and thematic framework analysis was conducted. Through thematic framework analysis 21 dimensions were recognized. Adolescents are known for their difficulties in verbalizing their thoughts and emotions. Various approaches have been used in dealing with mental health problems of adolescents. A visual approach to the issue of mental health, such as the use of comic books, has shown positive results. The evaluation of young people’s answers has proven that this method was a way for them to get in touch with their own feelings and to talk about them without having to be afraid of what others might think. This may also be a good approach for young people in the future because it provides a safe environment, which is something different in the context/ field of working with a specific and vulnerable population. By analysing these dimensions, it is possible to conclude that the comic created through this project is easy to use because it is short and eventful, it allows the participants of the program to work together on their experiences which initiates developmental processes such as emotional literacy or the integration of other people's messages about themselves.


Key words:  comic book art; prevention of emotional and behavioural problems; thematic analysis.

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